Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues such as red blood cells or the liver. This medication is used to kill the malaria parasites living inside red blood cells. Alternatives to plaquenil for rheumatoid arthritis What drug class is hydroxychloroquine Chloroquine Phosphate is the phosphate salt of chloroquine, a quinoline compound with antimalarial and anti-inflammatory properties. Chloroquine is the most widely used drug against malaria, except for those cases caused by chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Although the mechanism of action is not fully understood, chloroquine is shown to inhibit the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase. Hydroxychloroquine brand namePlaquenil is a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD approved for adults with RA. It is often given in combination with methotrexate and sulfasalazine a treatment known as triple therapy, to help slow RA disease progression for patients who do not get relief from methotrexate therapy alone. 1,2. Research shows that this medication reduces RA symptoms. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are drugs derived from the quinoline molecule. Both are used as antimalarial blood schizonticides, and hydroxychloroquine is also frequently used as an antirheumatic. Their mechanism of action is not entirely understood. Both drugs may be needed for a complete cure and to prevent the return of infection (relapse). In some cases, you may need to take a different medication (such as primaquine) to kill the malaria parasites living in other body tissues. Moa chloroquine Chloroquine - DrugBank, Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil - Side effects from plaquenil on eye Hydroxychloroquine is a racemic mixture consisting of an R and S enantiomer. 2 Hydroxychloroquine is an aminoquinoline like chloroquine. 8 It is a commonly prescribed medication in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic discoid lupus erythematosus, and systemic lupus erythematosus. 8 Hydroxychloroquine is also. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate - DrugBank. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine – Knowledge for medical.. Mefloquine C17H16F6N2O - PubChem. Find patient medical information for Chloroquine Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Hydroxychloroquine is classified as an anti-malarial drug. It is similar to chloroquine and is useful in treating several forms of malaria as well as lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Its mechanism of action is unknown. Malarial parasites invade human red blood cells. Chloroquine per week starting at least 1 week before. traveling to the area where malaria transmission occurs. They should take one dose per week while there, and for 4 consecutive weeks after leaving. The weekly dosage for adults is 300mg base 500mg salt.